易算彩票代理

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唐德宗武力削藩失败成为笑话,背后是国力难以支持其雄心的无奈

时间:2019-10-13编辑:转载


YUANBIAOTI:TANGDEZONGWULIXUEFANSHIBAICHENGWEIXIAOHUA,BEIHOUSHIGUOLINANYIZHICHIQIXIONGXINDEWUNAI

TANGDEZONGSHITANGCHAOJINGLILEANSHIZHILUANHOU,CONGFUQINSHOULIJIEGUANLEBIAOMIANSHANGPINGDINGPANLUANDEDATANGWANGCHAO,ZHEIWEIZAITESHUSHIQIJIWEIDEDIWANG,DUITADEPINGJIALIBUKAIYIJIANSHI,YEJIUSHISHIBAIDEWULIXUEFAN,DANTAJUEDINGSHIYIWEIHENXIANGRANGDATANGZHONGGUISHENGSHIDEDIWANG。

TANGDEZONGLISHIJIWEIQIANDESHENGHUOJINGLIZHUDINGRANGTACHENGWEIDATANGZUIWEITESHUDEYIWEIDIWANG,TASHENGYUTIANBAONIANJIAN,JIANZHENGGUODATANGSHENGSHI,YEJINGLIGUOANSHIZHILUANDEDIANPEILIULI,ZUOWEIZAIWEISHIJIANJINCIYUXUANZONGHEGAOZONGDETANGCHAODIWANG,ZUOWEIYIGEXIANGYAOYOUSUOZUOWEIDEDIWANG,TANGDEZONGXIANGYAOZAIZIJIZHEIYIDAIGAIBIANDATANGGUOYUNTUISHIDE。

《旧唐书.德宗本纪》召崔祐甫为门下侍郎、同中书门下平章事。

德宗继位之初就任用崔祐甫为相,司马光评价崔祐甫为,“上初即位,崔祐甫为相,务崇宽大,故当时政声蔼然,以为有贞观之风”,也是看到这位帝王继位之初是想要大干一场的,而对于当时的唐王朝来说,什么问题都不必藩镇问题对帝国的影响大,所以说,德宗在建中二年,刚刚继位不久的他就开始对藩镇开炮了。

KEYISHUOTANGDEZONGDUIFANZHENDETAIDUJIUSHIJIANDANGANCUIDEWULIPINGDINGHUOXUERUO,TONGSHIDEZONGYOUBUXIANGTUONIDAISHUI,XIANGYAOJINKUAIJIEJUEFANZHEN,SUOYITADEZHENGCESHI“YIFANXUEFAN”,TONGSHIBUSHI“YIFANYANGFAN”,ERZHEIYEDAOZHILEZAIJUSHIDAHAODEQUEQINGKUANGXIA,ZHANJUJIZHUANZHIXIA,ZUIHOUYIDEZONGXIAZHAO,ZUOLEYICIZIWOJIANTAOLESHI,FANZHENFEIDANMEIYOUJIEJUE,FANDAOSHIGENGCHANGJUELE。

说道唐朝中后期的藩镇,必须要说的是河北藩镇,代表的就是河朔三镇,指的就是范阳(又称幽州或卢龙)、成德、魏博(后改称天雄)三镇,可以说在唐朝中后期,河北藩镇是铁杆的反叛者,而河北藩镇又是大唐战力最强的军队,“河北气俗浑厚,果于战耕” ,“冀州产健马,下者日驰二百里,所以兵常当天下。”

HEBEIFANZHENQISHISHIDATANGDIGUODEYIGEDULIDEQUYU,QIZHENGZHIJINGJICAIZHENGWENHUAHEDATANGWANQUANBUTONG,ZHISHIYOUBIAOMIANSHANGDECHENFUGUANXI,DANSHIHEBEIFANZHENWANQUANDULI,QIBUSHOUYIHANHUAWENHUAWEICHIDEZHANGANWEIZHONGXIN,SUOYISHUOJINGCHANGFANFUPANLUAN,ERQIESHIYOUXIAERSHANGDEPANLUAN,GUDAIYIBANSHISHOUWOZHONGBINGDEJIANGLINGWEILEZIJISILIERFADONGPANLUAN,ERHEBEIFANZHENZESHIDICENGJIANGSHIZHUDAOPANLUAN,ZHUJIANGZHISHITAMENDEDAIBIAO,BUTINGCONGDEHUA, WANQUANKEYIZUODIAOZAIHUANYIGE。

易算彩票代理ZHEIYEJIURANGHEBEIFANZHENCHENGWEILETANGZHONGHOUQIFANZHENZHONGDEZUIQIANGDINGZIHU,DATANGDEZUINANYIQIECHUDEDULIU,BUGUOZAIJIANZHONGERNIAN,TANGDEZONGDEDAOLEYIGEBUCUODEJIHUI。

《旧唐书.李宝臣列传》宝臣卒时,惟岳为行军司马,三军推为留后,仍遣使上表求袭父任,朝旨不允。

CHENGDEJIEDUSHILIBAOCHENGUALE,QIERZILIWEIYUEXIWANGTANGCHAOTINGNENGGOURENMINGZIJIJIEREN,ZHEISHIDEZONGJIWEIHOU,HEBEIFANZHENDIYICICHUXIANJIEDUSHIJIETIWENTI,DANGRANZHEISHIBIAOMIANSHANGDE,QISHIDANGSHIDEZIQINGJIEDUSHILIZHENGJIZAOJIUGUALE,DANSHITAERZILINAYAOBILIWEIYUEYOUXINJI,BALIZHENGJIDESIXUNYANGAIXIALAILE,ZIJISHIJIJIETILEZIJILAOBADEWEIZHI。

这对于当时的唐德宗来说肯定是不能接受李惟岳继任成德节度使的,因为那样的话,就相当于他认可了各地节度使可以父死子继的情况了,此例一开,后患无穷,各地藩镇只会更加猖獗,所以唐德宗断然拒绝,《旧唐书·田悦传》:建中二年,镇州李宝臣卒,子惟岳求袭节钺。俄而淄青李正己卒,子纳亦求节钺。朝廷皆不允,遂与惟岳、李纳同谋叛逆。由此拉开了,唐德宗一朝,有希望却充满无望的削藩之战。

易算彩票代理DANGSHITANGWANGCHAOZHONGYANGNENGGOUSHIJIZHANGKONGDEBUDUIJIBENSHANGJIUSHISHENCEJUNLE。

《新唐书.兵志》永泰元年,吐蕃复入寇,朝恩又以神策军屯苑中,自是浸盛,分为左、右厢,势居北军右,遂为天子禁军。

德宗即位,以白志贞代之。是时,神策兵虽处内,而多以裨将将兵征伐,往往有功。

DEZONGWULIXUEFAN,SHENCEJUNJIUCHENGWEILEQISHOUZHONGWEIYIYIBAKEYIWANQUANTINGCONGYUZIJIDEZHONGYANGJUN,DANSHIDANGSHITANGDIGUOZAOGAODECAIZHENGBUZUYIRANGTANGWANGCHAOYONGYOUYIZHISHILIZUGOUQIANGDADEZHONGYANGJUN,DEZONGBUDEBUJIEQITAFANZHENDESHILILAISHIXIANDUIPANLUANFANZHENDETAOFA,ERZHEIYEWEIZUIZHONGDEGONGKUIYIKUIMAIXIALEFUBI,YIWEIQITAFANZHENNENGGOUZHICHITANGWANGCHAODEXUEFANZHIZHAN,JUEBUSHIYINWEISHENMEZHONGXIN,ERSHIWEILEDIPAN,DANSHIDEZONGYOUBUYUANYIJIANGZHICHIZIJIDEFANZHENDAXIADEDIPANFENGSHANGJIDUIFANG,JIEGUOJIUSHIFANPANDERENYUELAIYUEDUO。

易算彩票代理ZAIPINGDINGCHENGDE、WEIBO、ZIQINGSANZHENPANLUANDEQIANQI,TANGWANGCHAOZHANSHISHUNLI,YIJINGJIBENSHANGWENDINGLEDAJU,RUGUOSHUOZHIQIANDEANSHIZHILUAN,TANGJUNNENGGOUQUDELEISIDEZONGSHIQIDEJUNSHIYOUSHI,NEIMEDONGLUANJUEDUIBUNENGYANXU8NIAN,DATANGDEGUOBENYEJIUBUHUIBEICUICANYANZHONG。NEIMEDANGSHIZHANSHIYOUDUOSHUNLINI?

LIWEIYUEBEISHA,BUSHUWANGWUJUNBIAOSHIGUIFUCHAOTING。

《旧唐书.李宝臣列传》既而惟岳大将张孝忠以郡归国,朝廷以孝忠为成德军节度使,仍诏硃滔与孝忠合势讨之。

武俊兵突入府署,遣虞任越劫擒惟岳,缢死于戟门外。

LINABINGBAIBEIWEI,KUSHOUWUWANG。

《旧唐书.李正己列传》诏宣武军节度刘洽与诸军救之,大败纳兵于城下。后将兵于濮阳,洽攻破其城外。纳自城上见洽,涕泣悔罪。

SANZHENZHIZHONGZHISHENGXIATIANYUEFUYUWANKANGLE,KEYISHUO,RUGUODANGSHIDEDATANGHAISHINEIGEGUOLIQIANGSHENGDEDIGUO,NEIMEZHEICIPANLUANHENKUAIJIUYAOPINGDINGLE,KESHIDEZONG“YIFANXUEFAN”,YOUBUSHI“YIFANYANGFAN”DECELVE,ZAIYANKANJIUYAOJIESHUZHANLUANDESHIHOUCUSHILELINGYICHANGPANLUANDEFASHENG。

易算彩票代理CHENGDEPANLUANSHOUXIANBEIJIEJUE,NEIMERUGUOGUAFENCHENGDEZHENDEDIPANNI?TANGDEZONGDANGRANSHIXIANGYAOJIANGQIGUAFENDEYUELINGSUIYUEHAO,DANSHIJIEGUOJIUSHIRANGYIKAISHIZHICHITANGDEZONGDEYOUZHOUJIEDUSHIZHUTAOBUGANLE。

《旧唐书.朱滔列传》滔怒失深州,武俊怒失宝臣故地,滔构武俊同己反。

《旧唐书·王武俊传》武俊怒失赵、定二州,且名位不满其志。

《新唐书·田悦传》王武俊杀惟岳,而深州降朱滔,滔分兵守之。天子授武俊恒州刺史,以康日知为深、赵二州观察使。武俊恨赏薄,滔怨不得深州,悦知二将可间。

DUIYUTANGDEZONGDUICHENGDEDIPANHUAGUIZUIBUSHUANGDEJIUSHIZHUTAOLE,SHUOBAILE,DANGSHIZHUTAOZHICHITANGDEZONGJIUSHIXIWANGZAIZHANZHENGZHONGKUOCHONGZIJIDESHILI,DIPANSHITAZUIKANZHONGDE,TAKESHIMEIYOUSHENMEZHONGXINDE,ZHICHITANGWANGCHAOJIUSHIWEIZIJILAOQULIYIDE,JIEGUOTANGDEZONGBAZIJIYIJINGCHIDAOZUILIDESHENZHOUJILEKANGRIZHI,ZIRANLIAOTIAOZIBUGANLE,“JIRANNIBUJI,NEILAOZIJIUZIJIQIANG”,GANGGANGPINGDINGDECHENGDEZHIDIZAIDUFASHENGPANLUAN,ZHEIJILETANGDEZONGDANGTOUYIBANG,QIAOXINGLETAIGUOLIXIANGDEDEZONG,ZICIZHANDUANYOUQI,ERZHEIYELINGDANGSHITANGWANGCHAOGUOLIBUZUDERUODIANZHUJIANBAOLUCHULAILE。

易算彩票代理ZAIZHANSHIZHONGQI,YEJIUSHIJIANZHONGSANNIAN,TANGWANGCHAODECAILIYIJINGBUZUYIZHICHIZHEICHANGZHANZHENGLE。

《旧唐书.德宗本纪》太常博士韦都宾、陈京以军兴庸调不给,请借京城富商钱,大率每商留万贯,余并入官,不一二十大商,则国用济矣。判度支杜佑曰:「今诸道用兵,月费度支钱一百余万贯,若获五百万贯,才可支给数月。」甲子,诏京兆尹、长安万年令大索京畿富商,刑法严峻,长安令薛苹荷校乘车,于坊市搜索,人不胜鞭笞,乃至自缢。京师嚣然,如被盗贼。搜括既毕,计其所得才八十万贯,少尹韦禛又取僦柜质库法拷索之,才及二百万。

DUOSHUOYIDIAN,TANGDEZONGYICHAOSUIRANTUIXINGCHULELIANGSHUIFADAITIZHIQIANDEZUYONGDIAO,DANSHITUIXINGLE20DUONIANHOU,LIANGSHUIFATONGYANGBENGHUAI,ERQIEZAIDEZONGHOUQI,JIUCHUXIANLEDASILIANCAIDEQINGKUANG,SHENMESHUIWUJIANJIA、CHUMOQIANZHILEIDELIANCAIFANGSHICHUXIAN,ERQIEDEZONGYESHIYAOQIUGEDIFANZHENGONGFENG,GEDIJIEDUSHIZIRANSHIYAZHABAIXING,DANGRANZHEIYESHIDEZONGLIUJITANGXIANZONGDEJIADI,BURANYEBUHUIYOUYUANHEZHONGXING。

易算彩票代理QISHIDAOLEZHEIGESHIHOU,TANGDEZONGJIUYINGGAIYOUXIEXIANGDATUITANGGULE,DANSHIZHANJUHAIMEIYOUBUKESHOUSHI,YAOZHEYAYEYAOJIANCHI,KEGANGADESHI,YIBOWEIPINGYIBOYOUQI,HUAIXILIXILIE“BEIPAN”LETA,LIXILIEHEZHUTAOYIYANG,DOUSHIKANZHUNJIHUIWEIZIJILAOQULIYI,DUITANGDEZONGNALIYOUZHONGXINNI?

《旧唐书.李希烈列传》会山南东道节度梁崇义拒捍朝命,迫胁使臣,二年六月,诏诸军节度率兵讨之;加希烈南平郡王,兼汉北都知诸兵马招抚处置使。希烈破崇义众,遂讨平之。录希烈功,加检校右仆射、同平章事,赐实封五百户。

DANGSHILIANGCHONGYIFANPANCHAOTING,LIXILIELVBUTAOFA,PINGDINGLIANGCHONGYIZHIHOU,ZAIDUFASHENGLEDIPANHUAFENWENTIDAOZHIDEERCIPANLUAN,DANGSHILIXILIESHIXIANGYAOZHANJUXIANGZHOUDE,KESHIDEZONGHAISHINEIGECELVE,BUNENG“YIFANYANGFAN”,BURANDEHUA,TAYONGYUANJIEJUEBULEFANZHENWENTI,ZHINENGBIAOMIANSHANGJIANSHAOFANZHENDESHULIANG,ERJIANRUOBULEFANZHENDESHILI,BIJINGBEIMIEDEFANZHENSHILIBEIQITAFANZHENJIANBINGLEERYI。

《旧唐书.李承列传》希烈既破崇义,拥兵襄州,遂有其地。朝廷虑不受命,欲以禁兵送承,承请单骑径行。既至,希烈处承于外馆,迫胁万态,承恬然自安,誓死王事。希烈不能屈,遂剽虏阖境所有而去,襄、汉为之空。

李希烈之前可是表现的极其忠诚,但是在利益面前,他露出了真是面目,他想要襄州,唐德宗:“我给你个球啊!”于是李希烈撕破了脸皮,日遣使交通河北诸贼帅等。唐德宗简单干脆的削藩策略将大唐拖入到了更大的战乱之中,原本三镇叛乱尚未平定,又来了一个李希烈,战线突然扩大,李希烈兵锋威胁东都洛阳,至此唐德宗希望借机平定河北藩镇的计划就已经破产了,自己能够掌握的神策军兵力不足,之前支持自己的藩镇倒戈,唐王朝在财政不足的情况下,还要两线作战,唐德宗企图一战定天下的计划成为了泡影。

易算彩票代理ZHEIGESHIHOUTANGDEZONGYIJINGMEIYOUNENGLIJIEJUEPANLUANDEFANZHENLE,NENGGOUWENDINGJUMIAN,BIMIANTANGWANGCHAOZAIDABINGZHIHOUZAIZIJIDEZHETENGXIATURANCUSIJIUBUCUOLE,HEBEIFANZHENYUHUAIXIDELIXILIELIANHEZAIYIQI,ZHIQIANTANGWANGCHAOSUOQUDEDEYIQIEJUNSHIYOUSHIDANGRANWUCUN,TANGDEZONGSHENGXIADEJIUSHISHOUSHILANTANZILE,ZHIHOUGENGSHINAOCHULEJINGYUANBINGBIAN。

《旧唐书.姚令言列传》希烈兵数万围襄城,势甚危急。十月,诏令言率本镇兵五万赴援。泾师离镇,多携子弟而来,望至京师以获厚赏,及师上路,一无所赐。时诏京兆尹王翃犒军士,唯粝食菜啖而已,军士覆而不顾,皆愤怒......是日,德宗仓卒出幸,贼纵入府库辇运,极力而止。

易算彩票代理YINWEIBINGLIBUZU,TANGWANGCHAOZHINENGDIAODONGBIANJUNDUIFULIXILIE,WEIHUDATANGTONGZHIGENJIDEZHANGANLUOYANGDIQU,KESHIYINWEICAIZHENGWENTI,JINGYUANDIDAZHANGANHOUMEIYOUDEDAOYINGYOUDEJIANGSHANG,YINCIPANLUAN,XIJIELEZHANGANCHENG,TANGDEZONGRUDANGCHUDEXUANZONGYIYANG,CANGHUANGCHUTAO,JUSHIGENGSHIDAOLEYIFABUKESHOUSHIDEDIBU,DATANGDEQUEYOUCUSIDEWEIXIAN,BEIFANGLUANZHANYITUAN,TAOCHUZHANGANDETANGDEZONGGENGSHIWULIZHANGKONGQUANJU,SUIRANZUIZHONGLISHENGDENGRENLVBU,PINGDINGLEJINGYUANBINGBIAN,SHOUFUZHANGAN,DANSHITANGDEZONGZHIJIEFURUANLE,JIHUSHIXIALEZUIJIZHAO。

《旧唐书.德宗本纪》李希烈、田悦、王武俊、李纳,咸以勋旧,继守籓维,朕扶驭乖方,致其疑惧,皆由上失其道而下罹其灾。一切并与洗涤,复其爵位,待之如初,仍即遣使宣谕。

TANGDEZONGMEIYOULEJIANZHONGERNIAN,FADONGPINGDINGPANLUANSHIDEYIQIFENGFA,DUOLETUOXIEDEPITAI,BAYIQIEZUIZEGUIJIUYUZIJI,ANFUPANLUANDEGEFANG,BINGBUZHUIZE,TAMENRENGRANZHIZHANGYIFANGDEJIEDUSHI,ZHEIJIUHAOBISHITAMENMEIGERENKUANGZOULETANGDEZONGYIBIAN,DANSHITANGDEZONGZHINENGPEIZHEXIAOLIAN,BIAOSHIDOUSHIWODECUO,ZHICITANGDEZONGQIANGYINGDEWULIXUEFANZHENGCECHENGWEILEYIGEXIAOHUA。

易算彩票代理DUIYUDANGSHIJUSHITANGDEZONGXIANGYAOCHEDIJIEJUEFANZHEN,DANSHIWUNAIDANGSHIDETANGWANGCHAOMEIYOUZUGOUDEGUOLI,JIANDANLAISHUOXIANGCHEDIJIEJUEFANZHEN,JIUBUNENGSHIXINGZHAOFUZHENGCE,ZHAOFUZHINENGSHIFANZHENZUODA,RUGUOTANGDEZONGYESHIZHENGYIYANBIYIZHIYAN,GEDIFANZHENKANTANGWANGCHAOSONGLE,ZHIHUIBIANBENJIALI,SUOYIWULIXUEFANBINGBUSHICUOWUDEJUECE,BURANDATANGDEJIEJUHEWENSHUIZHUQINGWADEJIEJUYIYANG。

易算彩票代理DANSHITANGDEZONGXIANGYAOWULIXUEFAN,DATANGWANGCHAOQUEMEIYOUZUGOUDEGUOLI,TANGWANGCHAOJINGLIZHANLUANZHIHOU,BENLAIJIUZHUOJINJIANZHOUDECAIZHENGGENGJIABENGHUAI,GEDIJIEDUSHIYESHIDADUOJIEDUANLETANGWANGCHAOCAIZHENGMINGMAI,MEIYOUZUGOUDECAIZHENGYEJIUWUFARANGTANGWANGCHAOZUJIANQIANGDADEZHONGYANGJUN,SUOYISHUOTANGDEZONGSHIQI,SHENCEJUNBINGBUNENGDULIWANCHENGXUEFANRENWU,BIXUYAODEDAOQITAFANZHENDEZHICHI,NEIMEWENTIJIULAILE,TANGDEZONGXIANGDEDAOQITAFANZHENDEZHICHI,DANSHIYOUBUXIANGZHEIXIEFANZHENJIEJIZUODA,BENLAISHIZHICHITANGDEZONGPINGPANDEFANZHENSUISHIHUIYINWEILIYIWENTIDAOGE,ZHIHOUWEILEPINGDINGZHEIXIEDAOGEDEFANZHEN,TANGDEZONGZHINENGZAIYIKAOQITAFANZHEN,JIEGUOXIANRULESIXUNHUAN。

SHUOBAILEHAISHIDATANGGUOLINANYIZHICHITANGDEZONGWULIXUEFANZHENGCEDEXIONGXIN,ERHOUTANGDEZONGXIANGFANZHENTUOXIE,GEDIJIEDUSHIJIUGENGJIACHANGJUELE,XUEFANSHIBAIDETANGDEZONGZHINENGSHOUZHEWONANGQI,XUJISHILIDENGDAISHIJI,DAOLETANGXIANZONGDESHIHOU,TANGWANGCHAOWANHUILEXIEYANMIAN,DANSHIYIJIUMEIYOUJIEJUEFANZHENWENTI,TANGWANGCHAOYEJIUMANMANBEITUOKUALE。

参考资料《旧唐书.德宗本纪》《旧唐书.李宝臣列传》《旧唐书·王武俊传》《新唐书·田悦传》《旧唐书.李正己列传》《旧唐书.李希烈列传》《旧唐书.李承列传》《旧唐书.姚令言列传》《新唐书.兵志》返回,查看更多

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